Papago women with baskets of ollas
detailsBuehman & Hartwell, Photographers, Tucson, Arizona Unknown inpa1107pb.jpg IN-PA-1107 B&W 1505.1107.0002 inpa1107pb Print 5x7 Historic Photographs 1890s Reproduction requires permission. Digital images property of SHM Library & Archives
Papago women with baskets of ollas. The olla or water jar appears to be the most-used article among the present-day Papago. Many were observed beneath the ramadas of the houses, sometimes suspended from the cross-beams, sometimes placed in three-forked logs set upright in the ground. The majority of those now used are of a plain, unslipped earthenware in the natural color of the clay. Apparently a thin reddish wash is sometimes applied to the exterior. Several large storage ollas of a grayish or brownish buff, decorated in a brownish red and very suggestive of ancient Hohokam ware.
Kiahas, or burden baskets were made by Papago and Pima Indians. They were produced in a lace-like coil weave out of desert plants and were used as all-purpose carrying baskets. (Tanner, Clara Lee. “Papago Burden Baskets in the Arizona State Museum.” Kiva, vol. 30, no. 3, 1965, pp. 57–76. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/30248004.)
When the Spanish came upon them, they called them Papago, but the people themselves have rejected this name and officially changed it to Tohono O'odham in the 1980s. Tohono O'odham means “Desert People.”
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