Navajo Indians by Hogans


Unknown Unknown inn820pb.jpg IN-N-820 B&W 1504-0820-0002 inn820pb Print 3x5 Historic Photographs 1920s Reproduction requires permission. Digital images property of SHM Library & Archives


Navajo men and women in front of several hogans at the Grand Canyon, Arizona.

A hogan is a traditional dwelling and ceremonial structure of the Navajo Indians. Hogans may be round, six-sided, or eight-sided, and they may be constructed in many different ways. Most hogans are built of logs and earth, but some have stone walls. The entrance generally faced east, toward the rising sun. Except for a circular opening in the roof to allow smoke to escape, traditional hogans were without windows or interior divisions. By the early 21st century, hogan architecture had changed somewhat to accommodate new construction materials and techniques.


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