Johnson Canyon Railroad Trestle Bridge
detailsJ. C. Burge Unknown rr0190p.jpg RR-190 B&W 1070-0190-0000 rr0190p Stereograph Print 3.5x7.5 Historic Photographs 1880s Reproduction requires permission. Digital images property of SHM Library & Archives
Photo shows a train stopped on the Johnson Canyon railroad trestle bridge (G-389) with four men standing at the side of the train posing for the photographer. In the background is the west end portal of the Johnson Canyon train tunnel and at the right is a white railroad building. This portion of the railroad is located near Williams, Arizona.
Johnson Canyon is located between Williams and Ash Fork, Arizona on the Santa Fe Railroad (formerly known as the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad). This section of the railroad turned out to be the most difficult stretch on the Santa Fe railway from Kansas City to Los Angeles due to the hard basalt rock, which required blasting to create the Johnson Canyon railroad tunnel. Project work on the 328-foot tunnel began in April of 1881 and continued until the following April. This tunnel was the only one west of Albuquerque, New Mexico on the Santa Fe rail line.
Once the tunnel construction was complete, work began on the two trestle bridges to span Johnson Canyon–-it was the only segment on the railroad in Arizona that required two. According to Marshall Trimble in his blog “Johnson Canyon Was Blessed or Cursed With a Stretch of Extreme Hard Basalt Rock That Required Blasting a Way Through and Building a Tunnel,” True West Blog, 2020, James T. Simms was contracted to complete the Johnson Canyon segment with the two trestle bridges. The Simms construction camp housed between 1,500-3000 workers, more than the town of Williams itself. The workers left Simms a ghost town when they broke camp upon the segment’s completion in 1882. By August 1883 the railroad reached Needles, Arizona.
The 1,000-foot climb required two helper engines to push eastbound freight trains up the canyon. Down wasn’t much easier, and the hard brakes left many trains wrecked at the bottom of the canyon.
To protect the tunnel from saboteurs, a machine gun nest protected the tunnel and trestle during World War II. In the late 1940s they replaced the trestles with a landfill. By 1960 Santa Fe abandoned Johnson all together, for the fast and flatter line across the prairie.
Trimble, Marshall, (January 21, 2020). “Johnson Canyon Was Blessed or Cursed With a Stretch of Extreme Hard Basalt Rock That Required Blasting a Way Through and Building a Tunnel,” True West Blog, 2020.
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