Apache Men and African American Man


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D. A. Markley, Photographer Unknown ina0170p.jpg IN-A-0170 B&W 1500.0170.0000 ina0170p Print 5x7 Historic Photographs 1880s Reproduction requires permission. Digital images property of SHM Library & Archives

Description

Three Apache men and an African American man in front of the guard house at the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation.

The San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, in southeastern Arizona, United States, was established in 1872 as a reservation for the Chiricahua Apache tribe as well as surrounding Yavapai and Apache bands forcibly removed from their original homelands under a strategy devised by General George Crook of using an Apache to catch an Apache. 

In March 1875, the government closed the Yavapai-Apache Camp Verde Reservation and marched the residents 180 miles to the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation.

After the Chiricahua Apache were deported east to Florida in 1886, San Carlos became the reservation for various other relocated Apachean-speaking groups. These included the Pinal Coyotero of the northern Gila River area, the former San Carlos Apache bands Aravaipa (also Arivaipa or Tsee Zhinnee), Pinaleño (also Pinal Apache or Tiis Ebah Nnee), Apache Peaks (also called Bichi Lehe Nnee), and San Carlos proper (also Tiis Zhaazhe Bikoh or ′Small Cottonwood Canyon People′), the former Canyon Creek, Carrizo Creek and Cibecue bands of the Cibecue Apache.

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