San Juan, Mescalero Apache Chief


Hartwell, Phoenix, Arizona Unknown ina107p.jpg IN-A-107 B&W 1500-0107-0000 IN-A-107p Photo Card Print 4x6 Historic Photographs 1880s Reproduction requires permission. Digital images property of SHM Library & Archives


San Juan, a Mescalero Apache Chief dressed in ceremonial clothing, posed with a spear and shield in a photography studio. 

Mescalero is a main subdivision of the Apache Native American nation.  Mescalero or Mescalero Apache is an Apache tribe of Southern Athabaskan Native Americans. The tribe is federally recognized as the Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Apache Reservation, located in south central New Mexico.

It is claimed that San Juan probably led the Mescaleros in the battle of Round Mountain in 1868. He was eventually moved to the Mescalero Reservation in the 1870s, but left in 1880 to join Victorio in his battle against the Anglos. Victorio was killed in October 1880.

San Juan eventually returned to the reservation and resumed a leadership role. He died in 1887.

Source:  Book - "Apacheria: True stories of Apache Culture" by W. Michael Farmer, Twodot, 2017


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